CD274 (B7-H1, PD-L1, Programmed Death Ligand) is a member of the B7 family and is expressed on a variety of tissues including lymphoid cells. It plays an important role in regulation of T cell activation, and is involved in progression of cancer, arthritis and HIV infection (3). CD274 binding to its receptor CD279 (PD-1) on activated T cells can decrease proliferation. Conversely, ligation of CD279 on primed T cells can stimulate IL-10 production. High levels of CD274 present in Renal cell carcinoma is associated with poor prognosis (1) . Tumor expressed CD274 can increase apoptosis of tumor specific T cells resulting in better tumor cell survival (2). Gamma Interferon and PHA can up regulate CD274 expression on T cells.
Isotype: Murine IgG1 Kappa
Immunogen: Recombinant human CD274(B7-H1)
Specificity: Antibody ANC6H1 binds to recombinant CD274 and native cell surface CD274 expressed on stimulated PBMC.
1) Cancer Research (April 2006) 66:3381.
2) J Molecular Medicine (Feb 2004) 81(5):281.
3) Int J Hematol (Nov 2003) 78(4):321.